**EMA**

The EMA is a moving average that places a greater weight and significance on the most recent data points. Like all moving averages, this technical indicator is used to produce buy and sell signals based on crossovers and divergences from the historical average.

**MACD**

MACD can be used to identify aspects of a security's overall trend. Most notably these aspects are momentum, as well as trend direction and duration. What makes MACD so informative is that it is actually the combination of two different types of indicators. First, MACD employs two Moving Averages of varying lengths (which are lagging indicators) to identify trend direction and duration. Then, MACD takes the difference in values between those two Moving Averages (MACD Line) and an EMA of those Moving Averages (Signal Line) and plots that difference between the two lines as a histogram which oscillates above and below a center Zero Line. The histogram is used as a good indication of a security's momentum.

**MA**

Moving Average (MA) is a price based, lagging (or reactive) indicator that displays the average price of a security over a set period of time. A Moving Average is a good way to gauge momentum as well as to confirm trends, and define areas of support and resistance. Essentially, Moving Averages smooth out the “noise” when trying to interpret charts. Noise is made up of fluctuations of both price and volume. Because a Moving Average is a lagging indicator and reacts to events that have already happened, it is not used as a predictive indicator but rather an interpretive one, used for confirmations and analysis. In fact, Moving Averages form the basis of several other well-known technical analysis tools such as Bollinger Bands and the MACD. There are a few different types of Moving Averages which all take the same basic premise and add a variation. Most notable are the Simple Moving Average (SMA), the Exponential Moving Average (EMA) and the Weighted Moving Average (WMA)

**SMI Ergodic Indicator/Oscillator**

SMI Ergodic Oscillator. The Ergodic Oscillator (EO) is a double- smoothed True Strength Index (TSI) with a signal line. It acts like a stochastic indicator without the compression often seen with stochastics at extremes.

**SuperTrend**

A 'Supertrend' indicator is one, which can give you precise buy or sell signal in a trending market. As the name suggests, 'Supertrend' is a trend-following indicator just like moving averages and MACD (moving average convergence divergence).

**Ichimoku Cloud**

The Ichimoku Cloud, also known as Ichimoku Kinko Hyo, is a versatile indicator that defines support and resistance, identifies trend direction, gauges momentum and provides trading signals. Ichimoku Kinko Hyo translates into “one look equilibrium chart”.

**Triple EMA**

TEMA stands for Triple Exponential Moving Average and is used to identify trends in the market. It was developed by Patrick Mulloy and was first published in the 1994 issue of Technical Analysis of Stocks and Commodities. The TEMA is a custom indicator and is not included in many trading platforms.

**TRIX**

The TRIX indicator is used in technical analysis as a momentum oscillator. It is comprised of the rate of change of a triple exponentially smoothed moving average. The key signals generated by TRIX are divergences and signal line crossovers.

**Zig Zag**

The zig zag indicator is a basic tool that analysts use to find out when a security's trend is reversing. By determining the support and resistance areas, it helps to identify significant changes in price while filtering out short-term fluctuations, thus eliminating the noise of everyday market conditions.

**Price Oscillator**

The Price Oscillator indicator (PPO) is a technical analysis tool, used for measuring momentum that is very similar to the MACD. The MACD employs two Moving Averages of varying lengths (which are lagging indicators) to identify trend direction and duration. Then, MACD takes the difference in values between those two Moving Averages (MACD Line) and an EMA of those Moving Averages (Signal Line) and plots that difference between the two lines as a histogram which oscillates above and below a center Zero Line.

PPO is exactly the same, however it then takes the same values at the MACD and calculates them as a percentage. The purpose of this, is that it makes value comparisons much more simple and straightforward over longer durations of time.

**Price Channel**

Price Channels are lines set above and below the price of a security. Price Channels can be used to identify upward thrusts that signal the start of an uptrend or downward plunges that signal the start of a downtrend.

**Price Volume Trend**

The Price Volume Trend indicator (PVT) is a momentum based indicator used to measure money flow. PVT is similar to another technical analysis tool; On Balance Volume (OBV) in that it is an accumulation of volume. While the OBV adds or subtracts total daily volume depending on if it was an up day or a down day, PVT only adds or subtracts a portion of the daily volume. The amount of volume added or subtracted to/from the PVT total is dependent on the amount of the current day's price rising or falling compared to the previous day's close. Price Volume Trend (PVT) can primarily be used to confirm trends, as well as spot possible trading signals due to divergences.

**Coppock Curve**

The Coppock Curve is a long-term price momentum indicator used primarily to recognize major bottoms in the stock market. It is calculated as a 10-month weighted moving average of the sum of the 14-month rate of change and the 11-month rate of change for the index; it is also known as the "Coppock Guide."

**Klinger Oscillator**

The Klinger oscillator was developed by Stephen Klinger to determine the long-term trend of money flow while remaining sensitive enough to detect short-term fluctuations. The indicator compares the volume flowing through securities with the security's price movements and then converts the result into an oscillator.

**Net Volume**

Net volume is a technical indicator calculated by subtracting a security's uptick volume by its downtick volume over a specified period of time. Unlike standard volume, the indicator differentiates whether the market sentiment is leaning bullish or bearish.

**Know Sure Thing**

The Know Sure Thing indicator (KST) is a momentum based oscillator. KST is based on Rate of Change (ROC). Know Sure Thing takes four different timeframes of ROC and smooth's them out using Simple Moving Averages. KST then calculates a final value that fluctuates between positive and negative values above and below a Zero Line. There is also a signal line which is an SMA of the KST line itself. Essentially, the Know Sure Thing Indicator measures the momentum of four separate price cycles. Technical Analysts use this information to spot divergences, overbought and oversold conditions and crossovers.

**Weighted Moving Average **

A Weighted Moving Average puts more weight on recent data and less on past data. This is done by multiplying each bar's price by a weighting factor. Because of its unique calculation, WMA will follow prices more closely than a corresponding Simple Moving Average.

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**Directional Movement**

Directional Movement (DMI) is actually a collection of three separate indicators combined into one. Directional Movement consists of the Average Directional Index (ADX), Plus Directional Indicator (+DI) and Minus Directional Indicator (-DI). ADX's purposes is to define whether or not there is a trend present. It does not take direction into account at all. The other two indicators (+DI and -DI) are used to compliment the ADX. They serve the purpose of determining trend direction. By combining all three, a technical analyst has a way of determining and measuring a trend's strength as well as its direction.

**Momentum**

The Momentum Indicator essentially measures the rate of change or speed of price movement of a financial instrument. It measures the most recent closing bar to a previous closing bar n periods ago. By analyzing the rate of change, we can gauge the strength or “momentum” in a forex currency pair or financial instrument.

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**Awesome Oscillator**

Directional Movement (DMI) is actually a collection of three separate indicators combined into one. Directional Movement consists of the Average Directional Index (ADX), Plus Directional Indicator (+DI) and Minus Directional Indicator (-DI). ADX's purposes is to define whether or not there is a trend present. It does not take direction into account at all. The other two indicators (+DI and -DI) are used to compliment the ADX. They serve the purpose of determining trend direction. By combining all three, a technical analyst has a way of determining and measuring a trend's strength as well as its direction.

**Envelope**

Moving Average Envelopes (ENV) are a banded indicator. ENV displays an upper envelope above a basis line and a lower envelope below the basis line. The basis line is a moving average, either a simple moving average or an exponential moving average. The envelopes are set a (user defined) percentage away from the basis line. Envelopes are a good indicator for trend identification as well as identifying overbought and oversold conditions.

**Historical Volatility**

Historical volatility (HV) is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index over a given period of time. Generally, this measure is calculated by determining the average deviation from the average price of a financial instrument in the given time period.

**Double EMA**

The Double Exponential Moving Average is a technical indicator introduced by Patrick Mulloy in his January 1994 article "Smoothing Data With Faster Moving Averages" in Technical Analysis of Stocks & Commodities magazine. When the price crosses the average that may signal a trend change.

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**Rate Of Change**

The Rate of Change indicator (ROC) is a momentum oscillator. It calculates the percent change in price between periods. ROC takes the current price and compares it to a price "n" periods (user defined) ago. The calculated value is then plotted and fluctuates above and below a Zero Line. A technical analyst may use Rate of Change (ROC) for; trend identification, and identifying overbought and oversold conditions.

**Donchian Channels**

Donchian Channels (DC) are used in technical analysis to measure a market's volatility. It is a banded indicator, similar to Bollinger Bands %B (%B). Besides measuring a market's volatility, Donchian Channels are primarily used to identify potential breakouts or overbought/oversold conditions when price reaches either the Upper or Lower Band. These instances would indicate possible trading signals.

**Commodity Channel Index**

The Commodity Channel Index (CCI) is a momentum oscillator used in technical analysis primarily to identify overbought and oversold levels by measuring an instrument's variations away from its statistical mean. CCI is a very well-known and widely-used indicator that has gained level of popularity in no small part of its versatility. Besides overbought/oversold levels, CCI is often used to find reversals as well as divergences. Originally, the indicator was designed to be used for identifying trends in commodities, however it is now used in a wide range of financial instruments.

**Balance of Power**

The Balance of Power indicator measures the market strength of buyers against sellers by assessing the ability of each side to drive prices to an extreme level. The calculation is: Balance of Power = (Close price – Open price) / (High price – Low price) The resulting value can be smoothed by a moving average.

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**Williams Fractal**

The Williams Fractal is an indicator, developed by Bill Williams, that aims to detect reversal points (highs and lows) and marks them with arrows. Up fractals and down fractals have specific shapes.

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**Williams %R**

Williams %R (%R) is a momentum based oscillator used in technical analysis, primarily to identify overbought and oversold conditions. The %R is based on a comparison between the current close and the highest high for a user defined look back period. %R Oscillates between 0 and -100 (note the negative values) with readings closer to zero indicating more overbought conditions and readings closer to -100 indicating oversold. Typically %R can generate set ups based on overbought and oversold conditions as well overall changes in momentum.

**Williams Alligator**

The Alligator is an indicator developed by Bill Williams. Its purpose is to identify a trend and its direction and filter good signals from the bad ones thus avoiding the range-bound market that can lead to loses.

**Bollinger Bands %B**

Bollinger Bands %B or Percent Bandwidth (%B) is an indicator derived from the standard Bollinger Bands (BB) indicator. Bollinger Bands are a volatility indicator which creates a band of three lines which are plotted in relation to a security's price. The Middle Line is typically a 20 Day Simple Moving Average. The Upper and Lower Bands are typically 2 standard deviations above and below the SMA (Middle Line). What the %B indicator does is quantify or display where price is in relation to the bands. %B can be useful in identifying trends and trading signals.

**Bollinger Bands**

Bollinger Bands (BB) are a widely popular technical analysis instrument created by John Bollinger in the early 1980’s. Bollinger Bands consist of a band of three lines which are plotted in relation to security prices. The line in the middle is usually a Simple Moving Average (SMA) set to a period of 20 days (The type of trend line and period can be changed by the trader; however a 20 day moving average is by far the most popular). The SMA then serves as a base for the Upper and Lower Bands. The Upper and Lower Bands are used as a way to measure volatility by observing the relationship between the Bands and price. Typically the Upper and Lower Bands are set to two standard deviations away from the SMA (The Middle Line); however the number of standard deviations can also be adjusted by the trader.

**Bollinger Bands Width**

Bollinger Bands Width (BBW) is a technical analysis indicator derived from the standard Bollinger Bands indicator. Bollinger Bands are a volatility indicator which creates a band of three lines which are plotted in relation to a security's price. The Middle Line is typically a 20 Day Simple Moving Average. The Upper and Lower Bands are typically 2 standard deviations above and below the SMA (Middle Line). Bollinger Bands Width serve as a way to quantitatively measure the width between the Upper and Lower Bands. BBW can be used to identify trading signals in some instances.

**Average Directional Index**

The average directional index (ADX) is a technical analysis indicator used by some traders to determine the strength of a trend. The trend can be either up or down, and this is shown by two accompanying indicators, the Negative Directional Indicator (-DI) and the Positive Directional Indicator (+DI).

**Smoothed Moving Average**

A Smoothed Moving Average is sort of a cross between a Simple Moving Average and an Exponential Moving Average, only with a longer period applied. The Smoothed Moving Average gives the recent prices an equal weighting to the historic ones.

**CRSI**

Connors RSI (CRSI) is a technical analysis indicator created by Larry Connors that is actually a composite of three separate components. The Relative Strength Index (RSI), developed by J. Welles Wilder, plays an integral role in Connors RSI. In fact, Wilder's RSI is used in two of the indicator's three components. The three components; The RSI, Up/Down Length, and Rate-of-Change, combine to form a momentum oscillator. Connors RSI outputs a value between 0 and 100, which is then used to identify short-term overbought and oversold conditions.

**Volume**

Volume Indicator. Volume points to the amount of a financial instrument that was traded over a specified period of time. It can refer to shares, contracts or lots. The data is tracked and provided by market exchanges.

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**VWAP**

Volume Weighted Average Price (VWAP) is a technical analysis tool used to measure the average price weighted by volume. VWAP is typically used with intraday charts as a way to determine the general direction of intraday prices. VWAP is similar to a moving average in that when price is above VWAP, prices are rising and when price is below VWAP, prices are falling. VWAP is primarily used by technical analysts to identify market trend.

**VWMA**

The VWMA Is The Ultimate Breakout Tool. Volume is used to read the strength of breakouts by a lot of Stock traders. Moving averages are traditionally used either in crossover-based systems or simply to get a grip on market direction and momentum.

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**Volume Oscillator**

A volume oscillator measures volume by measuring the relationship between two moving averages. The volume oscillator indicator calculates a fast and slow volume moving average. Volume can provide insight into the strength or weakness of a price trend.

**Parabolic SAR**

Parabolic SAR (SAR) is a time and price technical analysis tool primarily used to identify points of potential stops and reverses. In fact, the SAR in Parabolic SAR stands for "Stop and Reverse". The indicator's calculations create a parabola which is located below price during a Bullish Trend and above Price during a Bearish Trend.

**Moving Average Exponential**

The exponential moving average (EMA) is a weighted moving average (WMA) that gives more weighting, or importance, to recent price data than the simple moving average (SMA) does. The EMA responds more quickly to recent price changes than the SMA.

**ASI**

The Accumulative Swing Index (ASI) is a trendline indicator used by traders to gauge the long-term trend in a security's price by collectively using its opening, closing, high and low prices.

**Vortex Indicator**

A vortex indicator (VI) is an indicator composed of two lines - an uptrend line (VI+) and a downtrend line (VI-). These lines are typically colored green and red respectively. A vortex indicator is used to spot trend reversals and confirm current trends.

**Least Squares Moving Average**

The least squares moving average is used mainly as a crossover signal to identify bullish or bearish trends. The least squares moving average generates signals, when the price deviates from the indicator.

**Mass Index**

The mass index is an indicator, developed by Donald Dorsey, used in technical analysis to predict trend reversals. It is based on the notion that there is a tendency for reversal when the price range widens, and therefore compares previous trading ranges (highs minus lows).

**Chop Zone**

Chop Zone is an indicator which helps you to determine if the market is choppy (trading sideways) or not choppy (trading within a trend in either direction). The Choppiness Index is an example of an indicator that is not directional at all.

**Choppiness Index**

The Choppiness Index (CHOP) is an indicator designed to determine if the market is choppy (trading sideways) or not choppy (trading within a trend in either direction). The Choppiness Index is an example of an indicator that is not directional at all. CHOP is not meant to predict future market direction, it is a metric to be used to for defining the market's trendiness only. A basic understanding of the indicator would be; higher values equal more choppiness, while lower values indicate directional trending.

**Advance/Decline**

Advances and declines refers to the number of stocks that closed at a higher and lower price than the previous day, respectively. Typically, a market will be more bullish if more stocks advance than decline and vice versa.

**Correlation Coefficient**

Correlation Coefficient (CC) is used in statistics to measure the correlation between two sets of data. In the trading world, the data sets would be stocks, etf's or any other financial instrument. The correlation between two financial instruments, simply put, is the degree in which they are related. Correlation is based on a scale of 1 to -1. The closer the Correlation Coefficient is to 1, the higher their positive correlation. The instruments will move up and down together. The higher the Correlation efficient is to -1, the more they move in opposite directions. A value at 0 indicates that there is no correlation.

**Relative Strength Index**

The Relative Strength Index (RSI) is a well versed momentum based oscillator which is used to measure the speed (velocity) as well as the change (magnitude) of directional price movements. Essentially RSI, when graphed, provides a visual mean to monitor both the current, as well as historical, strength and weakness of a particular market. The strength or weakness is based on closing prices over the duration of a specified trading period creating a reliable metric of price and momentum changes. Given the popularity of cash settled instruments (stock indexes) and leveraged financial products (the entire field of derivatives); RSI has proven to be a viable indicator of price movements.

**Relative Volatility Index**

The relative volatility index ( RVI ) is a volatility indicator that was developed by Donald Dorsey to indicate the direction of volatility. It is similar to the Relative Strength Index ( RSI ), except that it measures the standard deviation of prices changes over a period rather than the absolute price changes.

**Relative Vigor Index**

The Relative Vigor Index (RVI) is a technical analysis indicator that measures the strength of a trend by comparing a security's closing price to its trading range and smoothing the results. It's based on the tendency for prices to close higher than they open in uptrends and to close lower than they open in downtrends.

**True Strength Indicator**

The true strength index (TSI) is a technical indicator used in the analysis of financial markets that attempts to show both trend direction and overbought/oversold conditions. It was first published William Blau in 1991. The indicator uses moving averages of the underlying momentum of a financial instrument.

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**Average True Range**

The Average True Range (ATR) is a tool used in technical analysis to measure volatility. Unlike many of today's popular indicators, the ATR is not used to indicate the direction of price. Rather, it is a metric used solely to measure volatility, especially volatility caused by price gaps or limit moves.

**Moving Average**

Moving Average (MA) is a price based, lagging (or reactive) indicator that displays the average price of a security over a set period of time. A Moving Average is a good way to gauge momentum as well as to confirm trends, and define areas of support and resistance. Essentially, Moving Averages smooth out the “noise” when trying to interpret charts. Noise is made up of fluctuations of both price and volume. Because a Moving Average is a lagging indicator and reacts to events that have already happened, it is not used as a predictive indicator but rather an interpretive one, used for confirmations and analysis. In fact, Moving Averages form the basis of several other well-known technical analysis tools such as Bollinger Bands and the MACD. There are a few different types of Moving Averages which all take the same basic premise and add a variation. Most notable are the Simple Moving Average (SMA), the Exponential Moving Average (EMA) and the Weighted Moving Average (WMA).

**Moving Average Channel**

Moving average channels use a moving average of price to create an envelope above and below the moving average line at a user specified number of standard deviations. The point of this study is to create a channel which represents support and resistance at its outer bounds based on the moving average.

**MA Cross**

Moving Averages Crossover Signals Indicator. This advanced MA crossover Alerts indicator enables you to generate signals from combining simple moving averages, exponential moving averages, smoothed moving averages and linear weighted moving averages.

**Ease Of Movement**

The Ease of Movement indicator (Легкости, Свободы движения) is a volume based oscillator. It is designed to measure the relationship between price and volume and display that relationship as an oscillator that fluctuates between positive and negative values. The EOM fluctuates above and below a Zero Line. This is done in order to quantify the "ease" of price movements. A basic understanding is that when the EOM is in positive territory, prices are advancing with relative ease. When the EOM is negative, prices are declining with relative ease.

**Accumulation/Distribution**

Accumulation Distribution Indicator or ADL (Accumulation Distribution Line) is a volume based indicator which was essentially designed to measure underlying supply and demand. It accomplishes this by trying to determine whether traders are actually accumulating (buying) or distributing (selling). This is accomplished by plotting a running total of each period’s Money Flow Volume. ADL can reveal divergences between volume flow and actual price to primarily either affirm a current trend or to anticipate a future reversal.

**Linear Regression Curve**

The Linear Regression Curve plots a line that best fits the prices specified over a user-defined time period. The Linear Regression Curve is used mainly to identify trend direction and might sometimes be used to generate buy and sell signals.

**Ultimate Oscillator**

The Ultimate Oscillator indicator (UO) indicator is a technical analysis tool used to measure momentum across three varying timeframes. The problem with many momentum oscillators is that after a rapid advance or decline in price, they can form false divergence trading signals. For example, after a rapid rise in price, a bearish divergence signal may present itself, however price continues to rise. The ultimate Oscillator attempts to correct this by using multiple timeframes in its calculation as opposed to just one timeframe which is what is used in most other momentum oscillators.

**Keltner Channels**

The Keltner Channels (KC) indicator is a banded indicator similar to Bollinger Bands and Moving Average Envelopes. They consist of an Upper Envelope above a Middle Line as well as a Lower Envelope below the Middle Line. The Middle Line is a moving average of price over a user-defined time period. Either a simple moving average or an exponential moving average are typically used. The Upper and Lower Envelopes are set a (user-defined multiple) of a range away from the Middle Line. This can be a multiple of the daily high/low range, or more commonly a multiple of the Average True Range.

**On Balance Volume**

The On Balance Volume indicator (OBV) is used in technical analysis to measure buying and selling pressure. It is a cumulative indicator meaning that on days where price went up, that day's volume is added to the cumulative OBV total. If price went down, then that day's volume is subtracted from the OBV total. The OBV value is then plotted as a line for easy interpretation. On Balance volume is primarily used to confirm or identify overall price trends or to anticipate price movements after divergences.

**Hull Moving Average**

The Hull Moving Average (HMA), developed by Alan Hull, is an extremely fast and smooth moving average. In fact, the HMA almost eliminates lag altogether and manages to improve smoothing at the same time.

**Elder‘s Force Index**

Elder's Force Index (EFI) measures the power behind a price movement using price and volume. The indicator can also be used to identify potential reversals and price corrections. The EFI is an oscillator that fluctuates between positive and negative values, above and below a Zero Line. Alexander Elder, the indicator's creator, believed that there are three components to a security's price movement. Those three components are: direction, extent and volume. All three of these components are combined by the EFI to generate the oscillator.

**Chaikin Money Flow**

Chaikin Money Flow (CMF) is a technical analysis indicator used to measure Money Flow Volume over a set period of time. Money Flow Volume (a concept also created by Marc Chaikin) is a metric used to measure the buying and selling pressure of a security for single period. CMF then sums Money Flow Volume over a user defined look-back period. Any look-back period can be used however the most popular settings would be 20 or 21 days. Chaikin Money Flow's Value fluctuates between 1 and -1. CMF can be used as a way to further quantify changes in buying and selling pressure and can help to anticipate future changes and therefore trading opportunities.

**Chaikin Oscillator**

The Chaikin Oscillator is, at its core, an indicator of an indicator. The Chaikin Oscillator takes Accumulation/Distribution (ADL) and applies two Exponential Moving Averages of varying length to the line. The Chaikin Oscillator's value is then derived by subtracting the longer term EMA of the ADL from the shorter term EMA of the ADL. Ultimately this serves as a way to measure the momentum of the ADL by plotting a line which fluctuates between positive and negative values. Being aware of changes in momentum can help a trader or technical analyst to anticipate trend changes since changes in momentum often precede changes in trend.

**Fisher Transform**

The Fisher Transform is a technical indicator created by J.F. Ehlers that converts prices into a Gaussian normal distribution. In this way, the indicator highlights when prices have moved to an extreme, based on recent prices. This may help in spotting turning points in the price of an asset. It also helps show the trend and isolate the price waves within a trend.

**Money Flow**

The Money Flow Index indicator (MFI) is a tool used in technical analysis for measuring buying and selling pressure. This is done through analyzing both price and volume. The MFI's calculation generates a value that is then plotted as a line that moves within a range of 0-100, making it an oscillator. When the MFI rises, this indicates an increase in buying pressure. When it falls, this indicates an increase in selling pressure. The Money Flow Index can generate several signals, most notably: overbought and oversold conditions, divergences, and failure swings.

**McGinley Dynamic**

The McGinley Dynamic is a smoothing mechanism for prices that often tracks far better than any moving average. Because of the calculation, the Dynamic Line speeds up in down markets as it follows prices yet moves more slowly in up markets.

**Chande Kroll Stop**

This is a trend-following indicator that identifies the stop loss for a long or short position by using a variation on directional movement. It is calculated on the average true range of an instrument's volatility. The difference is proportional to the average True Range on “N” bars.

**Chande Momentum Oscillator**

The Chande momentum oscillator is a technical momentum indicator invented by Tushar Chande. The author introduced the indicator in his 1994 book “The New Technical Trader “. The formula calculates the difference between the sum of recent gains and the sum of recent losses and then divides the result by the sum of all price movement over the same period.

**Arnaud Legoux Moving Average**

Arnaud Legoux Moving Average (ALMA) removes small price fluctuations and enhances the trend by applying a moving average twice, once from left to right, and once from right to left. At the end of this process the phase shift (price lag) commonly associated with moving averages is significantly reduced.

**Aroon**

The Aroon Indicator (often referred to as Aroon Up Down) is a range bound, technical indicator that is actually a set of two separate measurements designed to measure how many periods have passed since price has recorded an n-period high or low with “n” being a number of periods set at the trader’s discretion. For example a 14 Day Aroon-Up will take the number of days since price last recorded a 14 day high and then calculate a number between 0 and 100. A 14 Day Aroon-Down will do the same thing except is will calculate a number based of the number of days since a 14 day low. This number is intended to quantify the strength of a trend (if there is one). The closer the number is to 100, the stronger the trend. Aroon is not only good at identifying trends, it is also a useful tool for identifying periods of consolidation.

**Stochastic**

The Stochastic Oscillator (STOCH) is a range bound momentum oscillator. The Stochastic indicator is designed to display the location of the close compared to the high/low range over a user defined number of periods. Typically, the Stochastic Oscillator is used for three things; Identifying overbought and oversold levels, spotting divergences and also identifying bull and bear set ups or signals.

**Stoch RSI**

The Stochastic RSI indicator (Stoch RSI) is essentially an indicator of an indicator. It is used in technical analysis to provide a stochastic calculation to the RSI indicator. This means that it is a measure of RSI relative to its own high/low range over a user defined period of time.

**Detrended Price Oscillator**

The Detrended Price Oscillator indicator (DPO) is used to remove trend from price. This is done in order to identify and isolate short-term cycles. DPO is not typically aligned with the most current prices. It is offset to the left (the past) which helps to remove current trend. Because it is offset to the past, the DPO is not considered a momentum oscillator. It only measures past prices against a Simple Moving Average as a way to gauge a cycle's high/low range as well as typical duration.

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